collocations chủ đề work và ứng dụng vào ielts speaking 1

Trong phần thi Speaking IELTS, việc sử dụng các collocation phù hợp với chủ đề sẽ giúp người học tăng điểm thành phần Lexical Resources (điểm từ vựng). Vậy Collocations là gì? Collocations chủ đề Work thường gặp là gì? Áp dụng vào các phần của bài thi IELTS Speaking sẽ như thế nào?

SPEAKING: Band Descriptors (public version)

Bài viết sẽ cho bạn bạn biết “tất tần tật” về Collocations, các Collocations chủ đề Work thường gặp và cách áp dụng vào bài IELTS Speaking từng phần một cách hiệu quả. Cùng tìm hiểu nhé!

Collocations là gì?

collocations chủ đề work - collocations là gì? ilp

Collocation là cách kết hợp các từ lại với nhau tạo thành các cụm từ theo thói quen sử dụng của người bản ngữ. Chính vì vậy mà sử dụng các collocations sẽ giúp cho việc nói và viết của chúng ta trở nên tự nhiên, giống người bản xứ hơn.

Những dạng của Collocations:

adj + noun

Ví dụ:

heavy rain (mưa nặng hạt), heavy workload (khối lượng công việc nhiều), heavy traffic (kẹt xe), heavy goods vehicles (xe chở hàng nặng),…

verb + noun

Ví dụ:

miss an opportunity (bỏ lỡ cơ hội), miss a chance (bỏ lỡ cơ hội), miss the bus (lỡ chuyến xe bus),…

noun + verb

Ví dụ:

teams win (đội chiến thắng), economy collapses (nền kinh tế sụp đổ),…

adv + adj

Ví dụ:

awfully sorry (vô cùng xin lỗi), perfectly capable (hoàn toàn có khả năng), utterly devoted (cống hiến hết mình), deeply disturbed (thật sự bị làm phiền),…

verb + adverb/prepositional phrase

Ví dụ:

learn quickly (học nhanh), listen carefully (lắng nghe cẩn thận), translate into (dịch sang), search for (tìm kiếm),…

noun + noun

Ví dụ:

police station (đồn cảnh sát), information age (thời đại thông tin), information technology (công nghệ thông tin)…

Một số Collocations chủ đề Work thường gặp

Make a living (v): kiếm sống

Ví dụ:

My sister never dreamed of being a teacher but she began teaching classes at a local dance school to make a living.

Aspects of the job (n): các khía cạnh trong công việc

Ví dụ:

Focus on one aspect of the job at a time instead of looking at it in its totality.

Members of staff (n): nhân viên 

Ví dụ:

Our foundation which has 400 members of staff is currently taking care of almost 650 orangutans.

Maternity leave (n): nghỉ thai sản 

Ví dụ:

After my wife’s maternity leave I became a stay-at-home dad off and on for a couple years.

Carve a niche for myself: tìm chỗ đứng trong sự nghiệp

Ví dụ:

He hopes to carve out a niche for himself as a leading researcher in his field of study.

Hand in my resignation: nộp đơn nghỉ việc

Ví dụ:

He was so bored with this job so he decided to hand in his resignation.

Lay off staff (v): cắt giảm nhân viên (do lý do khách quan như công ty gặp vấn đề tài chính, thừa nhân sự,…)

Ví dụ:

My company is going to lay off staff because of economic recession.

Tempting offer: lời đề nghị hấp dẫn

Ví dụ:

After graduation, he got a tempting offer to become a specialist in a pharmaceutical company.

Go freelance: làm nghề tự do

Ví dụ:

After ten years in corporate advertising, he decided to go freelance.

Volume of work (n): khối lượng công việc

Ví dụ:

I’m so stressed because the volume of work is large.

Earn a good living (v): kiếm được mức lương tốt

Ví dụ:

We want to do a job that allows us to earn a good living.

Ứng dụng Collocations chủ đề Work vào IELTS Speaking 

ứng dụng collocations chủ đề work ilp

Part 1

Câu hỏi: Do you work or are you a student?

I am currently an accountant of a Vietnam company. This is the most stable of all the jobs I’ve ever had for making a living. In the past, I was a Sales Executive at a Finance company with high pressure and volume of work.

Câu hỏi: What do you like/dislike about your job?

Well, the benefit of being an architect is that you will have a lot of information and ideas to create many products for the company. The aspect of the job which I don’t like is the volume of work. I had to make many edits to get the final result to meet my boss’s requirements; however the products I make are really quality so I really like this. 

Part 2

Câu hỏi:

Describe the job you hope to have in the future. 

You should say:

  • What this job would be
  • Where you would work
  • Which qualifications you would need and
  • Explain why you are interested in this job.

I’ve considered a variety of occupations in the future, but none of them have been feasible for me for long owing to time constraints and circumstances. But there is one occupation that has made a lasting impression on me as an intriguing career option, and that is what I would want to discuss today.

Anyway, I’m considering becoming an International Relationship Analyst as a potential career option. There’s no denying that this is a difficult professional path to pursue, which is likely why not many individuals find it interesting as other options.

However, I believe that the world now requires many more qualified international relationship analysts since the world is ever-changing. The current scenario is far more unstable than it was even 20 years ago. That is most likely why we see so many small pockets of conflict in different regions of the world. When there is no conflict, however, the larger countries will always try to exploit the smaller and weaker countries economically and culturally. Fortunately, a skilled international relations analyst may assist the globe in resolving these difficulties by properly comprehending the dynamics of international relations and establishing new channels of efficient communication. Furthermore, rather than concentrating on their differences, his or her responsibility would be to identify areas where countries may work.

By the way, this prospective profession option of mine will not only assist countries to eradicate their disparities, but it will also help me have a deeper knowledge of other groups’ and ethnicities’ traditions, cultures, and lifestyles.

Anyway, I’m interested in this job because I sincerely want to make a difference in the world by bringing individuals from completely opposed ends together in harmony. Furthermore, this profession would allow me to travel to other places, something I have always desired to do.

Part 3

Câu hỏi: What changes in employment have there been in recent years in your country?

There has been a rejuvenation of the “entrepreneurial spirit” in my country: more and more people decide to go freelance or become involved in starting their own businesses. The “start-up” community is now more alive than ever, even college students create their own network of contacts and launch their start-up businesses while studying. Even though there is a high failure rate of start-ups, people nevertheless are starting to take the risk and put their ideas into work.

Vậy bài viết đã giải đáp “triệt để” cho bạn những thắc mắc về Collocations, đồng thời cũng đưa cho các bạn Collocations chủ đề Work thường gặp và áp dụng vào từng phần của bài thi IELTS Speaking. Chúc bạn sẽ áp dụng thật tốt và đạt mức điểm Speaking như mong đợi bạn nhé!

Trần Nguyễn Anh Khoa